The New Straits Times reported that there are approximately 33 million vehicles registered throughout the nation as of 2021 and believe it or not, this number has actually surpassed Malaysia’s total population of 32 million!
With a steady increase of over one million cars registered annually mentioned in the same report, this has drawn some concerns that we may face extreme congestion on the road in the near future.
According to Transport Minister Datuk Seri Wee Ka Siong in this report by The Star, the government is proposing to introduce a ‘congestion charge’ after the completion of the public transport facility in the city center, to help reduce traffic congestion in Kuala Lumpur.
We’re sure you have various questions regarding congestion charge and how it works, so here’s everything you need to know about congestion charge.
What is Congestion Charge?
Congestion charge refers to the method of charging the use of the road in order to manage traffic congestion in an urban area. Vehicles will be charged when they go through a barrier at the edge of a city, or as they progress through zones inside a city.
If you’re wondering how toll collection is different from congestion charging, here’s your answer. Toll collection is meant to fund the cost of road upkeep and management, as well as to construct new facilities for the road. Meanwhile, congestion charge ultimately aims to reduce traffic congestion and promote the use of public transport.
How Does the Congestion Charge Work?
With congestion charge in effect, a private vehicle owner will be charged when entering a designated area during a specified period, usually for peak hours. The charge imposed can fluctuate like Singapore’s Electronic Road Pricing system – it could be raised or lowered according to traffic levels on the road, or it could be a pay per day charge with unlimited entry per day as practiced in London.
Public transportation vehicles and public institution vehicles such as ambulances or fire engines are exempt from paying the congestion charge. In London, residents living in the Congested Charge zone qualify for a 90 percent discount. While private vehicles owned by the disabled as well as electric and plug-in hybrid cars qualify for a 100 percent discount.
Congestion charging is not a new system, it has been implemented in various cities around the world such as Singapore, London, Stockholm and many others. Let’s take a look at how Singapore successfully adopted congestion charging in their effort to manage traffic jams.
The Area Licensing Scheme & Electronic Road Pricing: Singapore’s Answer to Congestion
In order to reduce the heavy traffic congestion in the Central Business District (CBD) back in 1975, Singapore initially introduced the Area Licensing Scheme (ALS) as an effort to manage traffic in the area.
With this scheme, the CBD was designated into a Restricted Zone (RZ) during peak hours and all vehicles traveling inside the area during this period are required to purchase and display a special area license that costs S$3 (RM9.46) per day or S$60 (RM189.20) per month.
After the successful implementation of ALS, the scheme was updated to the Electronic Road Pricing system (ERP) in 1998. With the new system implementation, road users will be automatically charged through an In-Vehicle Unit (IVU) when they pass through ERP gantries during their operational hours.
The ERP charge ranges from S$0.50 (RM1.58) to S$3 (RM9.48), and it changes according to the time of day and the location you’re currently traveling within. Higher rates will be applied during peak hours – between S$0.50 to S$3 from 7am to 10am and 5.30pm to 7pm. While no charge will be incurred during non-peak hours – from 10am to 5pm and 7pm to 10:30pm.
Based on this report, with the implementation of the ALS system, Singapore was able to lower their traffic congestion by 45% and when the ERP system was introduced, they managed to bring their traffic congestion level down by another 15%. This proves that congestion charge does work to combat traffic congestion, provided with a complete infrastructure to support it and a high level of compliance from the public.
With this, we hope we’ve answered some, if not all of the questions you have regarding congestion charge. If the implementation of congestion charge truly is the only feasible way to manage and reduce traffic congestion in the future, let’s hope it happens with all the right infrastructures prepared.