How are Car Loans and Interests Calculated?

When you buy a car, new or used, unless you have some cash saved up to pay off your car, the most common way is buying it via a car loan (or also known as a hire purchase loan). In Malaysia, it would be extremely convenient to have your own car to move around. But when it comes to getting a car loan, many do not fully understand how to calculate car loans and interests. But before we delve deeper into that, here are some basic terms you should know.

Calculate Car Loans and Interests

Car Loans Terms

  • Interest Rate: It is the overall cost of taking out a loan. It depends on the base rate that is provided by the bank, which can go up and down depending on the country’s economy.
  • Down Payment: The upfront payment for the car that covers part of the cost, usually, 10% of the total cost for new cars and 20% for used cars.
  • Margin of Finance: The proportion of the car’s cost that the bank will lend to you.
  • Loan Period: The total amount of months/years taken to pay off your loan.
  • Installment: The amount that you need to pay monthly to the bank to clear off your loan.
  • Guarantor: Someone who is bound legally to pay off your loan if you are not able to do it.

How Does A Car Loan Work?

Generally, there are two types of car loans and both these loans’ interest rate depends on the base rate, the bank you choose and if you are getting a new car or a used car.

Calculate Car Loans and Interests

  1. Fixed rate loans – interest rate stays the same throughout the loan period.
  2. Variable rate loans – interest rate fluctuates according to the current Base Rate.

Banks typically provide you a margin of finance up to 90% and the rest, would be paid via down payment by you. While it is easier for your short-term finances if you take out the largest margin of finance available, this also means you would be paying higher monthly installments and in the long run, a higher interest.

Another factor that might affect your installment and interest is the loan period. The longer the loan period, the smaller your monthly installment would be, but you would end up paying more in interest.

How to Calculate Car Loan

Example: A RM 70,000 car loan with an interest rate of 3.5%.

Monthly Installment RM 2,148.61 (3 Years) RM 1,370.83 (5 Years) RM 852.31 (9 Years)
Total Interest RM 7,350 RM 12,250 RM 22,050

Car Loan Interest Rate 

To know how the installment and interest rate is calculated for your fixed-rate car loan,  all you need to do is to determine these values:

  1. Loan Amount
  2. Loan Period
  3. Interest Rate

Calculate Car Loans and Interests

These are the formulas used to determine the total interest, monthly interest, and monthly installment for your loan. Using back the above example: A RM 70,000 car loan with an interest rate of 3.5% with a 5-year loan period.

Calculation Formula Example
Your total interest interest rate/100 x loan amount x loan period 3.5% x RM 70,000 x 5 = RM 12,250
Your monthly interest total interest / (loan period x 12) RM 12,250/ (5×12) = RM 204.16
Your monthly installment (loan amount + total interest) / (loan period x 12) (RM 70,000 + RM 12,250) / (5×12) = RM 1370.83

But when it comes to getting a car, you should also take into consideration all the other costs that might come up along the way. These costs include petrol, maintenance and repair, road tax, insurance, parking, and toll cost, among others. So do consider these costs when you are coming out with a budget for a new car.

Choose CARSOME Certified for Peace of Mind

If you’re looking for quality pre-owned cars, do check out CARSOME. All CARSOME Certified cars undergo a strict 175-point inspection to rule out major accident and flood damage for your peace of mind. We also professionally refurbish our cars to give them safety beyond standards, complete comfort, and refurbished aesthetics. 

So what are you waiting for? Visit CARSOME today to find the perfect car for you!